Sagar Medtiya
Sagar Medtiya

Follow

Sagar Medtiya

Follow
Learn to connect your React and Express app using axios✅

Photo by Bryson Hammer on Unsplash

Learn to connect your React and Express app using axios✅

Sagar Medtiya's photo
Sagar Medtiya
·Nov 28, 2022·

3 min read

Play this article

Table of contents

  • 🎯Target
  • ⚙️Tools
  • 🍁Creating back-end
  • 🍁Setting up front-end
  • 🍁Another way to connect frontend to backend
  • 🚀Config Default

If you want to connect your client-side React app with your server-side Express app then you can use axios to do so! This tutorial assumes that you already have node.js installed.

So without further ado, let's begin the tutorial.

🎯Target

Connect a React front-end application with an Express back-end application through an axios API request.

⚙️Tools

We will be using the following tools to help us achieve our target:

  • React — The front-end library we will be using for this tutorial. Create-react-app allows us to get up and running very quickly.
  • Express.js — A framework for Node.js used for building web applications and APIs.
  • Axios — An npm library. A promise-based HTTP client for the browser and Node.js.
  • CORS — An npm library. An Express middleware that is used to enable Cross-Origin Resource Sharing.

🍁Creating back-end

We are going to create a new directory to house our entire project. Let’s call it axios-tutorial.

mkdir axios-tutorial

Go to the project directory and run,

npm init

Accept all the default questions asked to you,

Now, let's install cors and express. We will need to add cors to allow our axios request to go through from the front end to the back end.

npm i --save express cors

Now to activate the express server, create a file called server.js and add the following code.

require("dotenv").config();
const express = require("express");
const app = express();
const port = process.env.PORT || 5000;

app.use(cors());
app.get("/", (req, res)=>{
    res.json({ message: "Hello world" });
});
app.listen(port, ()=>console.log(`Listening on ${port}`));

Run the code by typing node server.js on the terminal.

🍁Setting up front-end

Let us now create our React application inside of our axios-tutorial directory. We are just going to name our React project frontend.

npx create-react-app frontend

Now install axios module to make API request,

npm i --save axios

Now, let’s add the following code to App.js. Most of this is React boilerplate code. You only need to worry about adding the axios request:

import React from "react";
import logo from "./logo.svg";
import "./App.css";
import Axios from "axios";

function App() {
  Axios({
    method: "GET",
    url: "http://localhost:5000/",
    headers: {
      "Content-Type": "application/json"
    }
  }).then(res => {
    console.log(res.data.message);
  });

  return (
    <div className="App">
      <header className="App-header">
        <img src={logo} className="App-logo" alt="logo" />
        <p>
          Edit <code>src/App.js</code> and save to reload.
        </p>
        <a
          className="App-link"
          href="https://reactjs.org"
          target="_blank"
        >
          Learn React
        </a>
      </header>
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

Run npm start inside of your frontend folder and node server.js inside of your axios-tutorial directory.

🎊🎉Done. Your backend and frontend are both connected with axios.

🍁Another way to connect frontend to backend

  • You can simply add the proxy in package.json file of frontend and remove the below code from app.js file but remember to remove the proxy when you are deploying the site.
    Axios({
      method: "GET",
      url: "http://localhost:5000/",
      headers: {
        "Content-Type": "application/json"
      }
    

Screenshot 2022-11-28 153314.png

🚀Config Default

You can specify config defaults that will be applied to every request.

Global axios defaults

axios.defaults.baseURL = 'https://api.example.com';

You can change the default baseURL like this way if the request is routing in one port.

Screenshot 2022-11-28 155014.png

Thanks for reading. Feel free to comment down if you are stuck in any process. Sayonara🖐️

Did you find this article valuable?

Support Sagar Medtiya by becoming a sponsor. Any amount is appreciated!

Learn more about Hashnode Sponsors
 
Share this